Ambassador Raphel is a practice leader for the Global Affairs and Trade Consultancy Group at Cassidy & Associates, providing counsel to multinational corporations, foreign countries and other organizations to advocate their U.S.-based interests in Washington, and U.S. corporations to meet business challenges abroad. Her many years of experience in the State Department, the Department of Defense, the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), academia, and in the diplomatic arena allow her exceptional access to international and foreign policy decision makers across the board. She is a Senior Associate (Non-resident), Project on Prosperity and Development at the Center for Strategic & International Studies.
Prior to joining Cassidy & Associates in 2007, Ambassador Raphel served as Deputy Inspector General in the office of the Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction, an independent body established by Congress to oversee the expenditure of more than $20 billion in U.S. reconstruction assistance for Iraq. Before retiring from the State Department in late 2005 after 30 years of service, Ambassador Raphel was Coordinator for Iraq Reconstruction, a position she assumed after serving as Senior Advisor to the Ministry of Trade under the Coalition Provisional Authority in Baghdad. Prior to deploying to Iraq, she was Vice President of the National Defense University at Ft. McNair in Washington D.C.
In 1993, Ambassador Raphel launched the Congressionally-mandated South Asia Bureau at the State Department as the first Assistant Secretary of State for that new regional bureau. She served as U.S. ambassador to the Republic of Tunisia in the late 1990s.
Ambassador Raphel began her federal government career as an economic analyst for the CIA, focusing on the oil-rich state of Indonesia. She later joined the Department of State as a Foreign Service Officer, working on detail to USAID as an economic/financial analyst in Pakistan. Returning to the State Department, she worked on inward investment policy and efforts to set standards for conduct of U.S. investors abroad, and on economic assistance issues in Israel. She served as Staff Aide to the Assistant Secretary for Near East and South Asian Affairs, and as Special Assistant to the Undersecretary for Political Affairs for the Middle East, South Asia and Africa. She was posted to the U.S. Embassy in London where she covered regional issues involving the Middle East, South Asia, Africa, and East Asia, and served as Political Counselor in U.S. embassies in South Africa and India. She taught history at Damavand College in Tehran, Iran, before joining the Foreign Service.
Ambassador Raphel is a graduate of the University of Washington in history and economics. She did graduate studies at Newhall College in Cambridge, England in Modern European History. She holds a Master’s Degree in Economics from the University of Maryland.